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READING AND PHONICS

KS1 READING/PHONICS

READING

At Elaine we want our children to become enthusiastic and engaged readers, and to develop a life-long love of books. We introduce the children to a range of good quality fiction, non-fiction and poetry books through our whole-class, core-text approach to teaching reading, and during their weekly guided reading session.

In the early stages of reading, we teach children to decode words using phonic skills as their main approach, alongside which we teach sight vocabulary.  Once grasped, the focus for developing reading is understanding and comprehension. Your child will read with their class teacher once a week during their guided reading session, then independently supported by teacher set activities during the rest of the week. 

HOME READING AND READING FOR PLEASURE

Developing readers will bring home levelled books and a picture book each week. Independent readers will bring home self-selected books from their book corner.  Please spend time reading with and talking to your child about what they read, and help them to use their reading log to record their enjoyment of reading.  Pupils can earn bookmarks for using their reading logs effectively.

Please see the leaflet at the bottom of this page for further ideas on how you can support your child with their reading at home.

PHONICS

At Elaine, phonics is taught daily to all children in Nursery, Reception and Key Stage One.  We use the Letters and Sounds programme to teach children the letters of the alphabet and their matching sounds.  We sometimes use songs and actions from Jolly Phonics to help us remember our sounds. 

The children are taught to read words by blending, which means saying each sound and then pushing all the sounds together to make a word.  The children are taught to spell words by segmenting, which means sounding out words and writing down the sounds they can hear.

By the end of Reception children are expected to know all Phase Three sounds.  By the end of Year One all children are expected to know all Phase Five sounds.  By the time they have finished Key Stage One, most children at Elaine are secure in Phase Six sounds.  This phase moves away from learning sounds and focuses on spelling rules and patterns

At the end of Year One all the children in the country take a test called a Phonics Screening.  They have to read 40 real and nonsense words.  We call the nonsense words ‘Alien words’ and the children practise reading them every day.